The Maritime Safety and Security Centre (MSSC) network
The organisational structure of any coastguard depends on several factors and conditions: competent observance of various routine coastguard duties, consistent leadership and chain of command in special situations, and due regard to federal structures and associated requirements – to name but a few.
Following an approach that combines technical competence and political intent, the MSSC is designed as an "optimised network". The MSSC guarantees the performance of diverse technical tasks by specially qualified experts and offers flexibility with regard to enlargement and adaptation to current (national and international) developments. It fulfils political and technical goals defined in view of the changed security situation on the basis of applicable laws and taking into account the responsibilities and duties of the different federal and state authorities involved.
Throughout Europe, the MSSC is regarded as an example of successful integrative maritime policy and veritable subsidiarity, and as a blueprint for how to coordinate a broad variety of coastguard-related activities.
The MSSC network unites federal necessities and technical considerations, optimising the world-renowned, high-quality standard of the Central Command for Maritime Emergencies, the Waterways Police Coordination Centre and the Coast Guard Association through intensive cooperation and spatial integration of the respective coordination centres.
Joint Emergency Reporting and Assessment Centre Sea (JERACS)
The JERACS forms the operational core of the MSSC. This flexible and highly effective organisation is in charge of sea surveillance and of improving hazard prevention and accident management.
At the JERACS, the operational units of the Federal Government and of the five German coastal states cooperate 24/7 within the structure of an optimised network:
- the Federal Police
- the Federal Customs Administration
- the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food
- the Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration
- the German Navy
- the German Waterways Police of the federal and coastal states and
- the Central Command for Maritime Emergencies.
These network partners provide the personnel required to ensure appropriate fulfilment of tasks. The JERACS is staffed with about 11 employees per shift. In total, approximately 70 employees work in rotation.
An optimised routine duty also facilitates a smooth adoption of the specific organisational structure needed in the event of a non-routine situation. All operations are conducted under the leadership of the competent authority in charge of the respective matter. The JERACS facilitates a targeted and situation-specific activation of specialised units with a high degree of flexibility.
Institutions in the JERACS
The institutions of the partners showed in the picture are merged altogether in the JERACS
- Federal Centre for Maritime Security (Federal Police, Federal Customs Administration, Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration)
- Common Waterways Police Reporting and Coordination Centre
- Maritime Emergency Reporting and Assesment Centre
- Contact Point for the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food
- Operation Centre of the Navy
The Coordinator at the JERACS
Everyday duty at the JERACS is coordinated by an employee from one of the federal or state authorities or the Central Command for Maritime Emergencies. The coordinator rotates annually.